PRESENT SIMPLE – VERB TO BE

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I am

I am not

Am I?

You are

You are not

Are you?

He is

He is not

Is he?

She is

She is not

Is she?

It is

It is not

Is it?

We are

We are not

Are we?

You are

You are not

Are you?

They are

They are not

Are they?

Ex: She is a student.

Ex: She is not a student.

To make the negative form, add not after the verb.

Ex: Is she a student?

To make the interrogative, put the verb before the subject.

Note: The verb To Be doesn’t need any auxiliary to make the negative and interrogative forms.

In the Affirmative you can have contractions between the verb and the pronoun. In the Negative you can have contractions between the verb and not. The Interrogative form doesn’t have any contraction.

Affirmative

Negative

I‘m

I am not (no contraction)

You‘re

You aren’t

He‘s

He isn’t

She‘s

She isn’t

It‘s

It isn’t

We‘re

We aren’t

You‘re

You aren’t

They‘re

They aren’t

Ex: He’s my English student.

Ex: He isn’t my English student.

When someone asks you something, you can answer in two ways:

Short Answer

Complete Answer

Are you a teacher?                                   No, I’m not.

Is she your friend?                                 No, she isn’t.

Are you a teacher?                           No, I’m not a teacher.

Is she your friend?                            No, she isn’t my friend.

Note:

  • You can’t have a contraction at the end of a positive answer.                         Ex: A: Is she a lawyer?   –   B: Yes, she’s. (wrong) / Yes, she is. (right)
  • You can have a contraction at the end of a negative answer.                           Ex: A: Is she a lawyer?   –   B: No, she isn’t.
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