Visit Kediri Town East Java Indonesia

800px-Kediri_East_Java

 

Kediri is a town in the province of East Java, Indonesia and it is located 130 km southwest of Surabaya.Then Kediri is the third largest city in East Java after Surabaya and Malang by population. Kediri has an area of 63.40 km² and the entire region Kediri regency. Kediri city is splited by the Brantas river that stretches from south to north along 7 kilometers.

Kediri known as a major trading center for sugar and tobacco industry in Indonesia. There are three sugar factories, PG Pesantren Baru, PG Mrican and PG Ngadirejo. In this town also, Gudang Garam Factory, the biggest cigarette factory in Indonesia.

  • History

Beginning of Kediri as an urban settlement begins when Airlangga move the administrative center of the kingdom of Kahuripan to Dahanapura, according Fiber Calon Arang. Dahanapura (“City of Fire”) hereinafter known as Daha. After the death of Airlangga, Medang region is divided into two: Janggala Panjalu in the west and in the east. Daha be Panjalu Kingdom central government and Kahuripan be Jenggala Kingdom central government. Panjalu by writers of the recent period is also referred to as the kingdom of Kadiri / Kediri, with a territory roughly the Madiun district Kediri regency until now.

Since the Kingdom of Tumapel (Singasari) rose, the capital city of Daha were attacked and became kingship vazal, which continues until the Majapahit, Demak, Mataram.

Kediri fall into the hands of the VOC as a consequence Geger Chinatown. East Java at that time controlled by Cakraningrat IV, duke Madura side with VOC and wanted independent of Kasunanan Kartasura Madura. Because Cakraningrat IV desire was rejected by the VOC, he rebelled. This rebellion was defeated VOC, aided Pakubuwana II, sunan Kartasura. As payment, Kediri be part controlled by the VOC. Dutch control of Kediri continued until the War of Independence of Indonesia.

Kediri into the autonomous development begins when the launch Gemeente Kediri on 1 April 1906 by Staasblad (State Gazette) no. 148 dated March 1, 1906 [5]. Gemeente it became the seat of the Resident Kediri to the nature of the autonomous government is limited and has Gemeente Raad (“City Council” / DPRD) as many as 13 people, consisting of eight groups of Europe and which equated (Europeanen), four Native (inlanders) and one Foreign Eastern Nations people. In addition, based Staasblad No. 173 dated March 13, 1906 financial budget is set at f. 15 240 in one year. New since November 1, 1928 by Gazette No. 498 dated January 1, 1928, Kediri be “Zelfstanding Gemeenteschap” (“city of the autonomous” to become full autonomy).

Kediri during the Independence Revolution of 1945-1949 became one route point guerrilla Great Commander General Sudirman.

 

  • Geography
    Kediri is an area of ​​63.40 km² or (6,340 ha) and is the city is in the province of East Java. Located in an area traversed Brantas River and in between a valley at the foot of the volcano, Mount Wilis with 2552 meters high. A city of 312,000 (2012) inhabitants within ± 130 km from Surabaya, capital of East Java province lies between 07 ° 45′-07 ° 55’LS and 111 ° 05′-112 ° 3 ‘BT. [6] From the aspect of topography , Kediri is located at an average altitude of 67 meters above sea level, with a rate of 0-40% slope

Structure Kediri region split into two parts by the river Brantas, which is east and west of the river. Lowland areas located in the eastern part of the river, includes the district of Kediri and School District, while the plateau is located in the western part of the river the District Mojoroto which in the western part of the river is a land less fertile partly into the slopes of Mount Klotok (472 m) and Mount Maskumambang (300 m).

The whole area of ​​the town of Kediri Regency of Kediri, with boundaries as follows:

North: District of Gampengrejo and Banyakan Subdistrict, Kediri District
South: District of Kandat, District Ngadiluwih, and District Semen, Kediri
East: District of Wates and Gurah Subdistrict, Kediri District
West: Sub-District and District Banyakan Semen, Kediri
Demographics
According to the Department of Population and Civil Registration Kediri, Kediri total population in the year 2012 as many as 312 331 inhabitants [7]. Kediri population density is at 4,926 inhabitants per km².

Became the site of an ancient capital of the kingdom of Java, this city is one of the main cultural center for Javanese and in the city also contains several ancient ruins and temples era of the kingdom of Kediri and Majapahit Kingdom.

  • Tribe
    Kediri majority of the population are Javanese, followed by Chinese, Batak, Manado, Ambon, Madurese, Sundanese, Arab, and various outside Javanese immigrants who live and settle in the city.
  • Religion [edit | edit source]
    Based on the Population Census Kediri in 2010, the majority of the population is Muslim, followed by Protestantism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism and other beliefs flow [8].

Many places of worship such as a mosque, temple, temple, church and others have stood for hundreds of years as church buildings GPIB Kediri relics of the colonial Dutch and Tjio Hwie Kiong temple. Tolerance and inter-religious harmony in Kediri are good.

  • Language
    Indonesian into formal language in society Kediri, while the Java language to be the most frequently used in daily life with family, neighbors, friends, or people of other Java fellow speakers. Unlike the Java language and dialect Dialect Surabaya Malang who has a Javanese dialect and style of outspoken and egalitarian, the Java language and the majority of people Kediri in East Java Mataraman other regions tend to be delicate in terms of the use of words and narrative.
  • Government
    The main article for this section are: List Mayor Kediri
    In Kediri administration headed by a mayor and deputy mayor are elected directly by the people of Kediri in Kediri municipal elections every five years. Kediri mayor in charge of the coordination of the area district administration headed by a district head. Sub-districts are further divided into sub-wards headed by a headman. The entire district and village heads are the ranks of civil servants in the city government. Election of mayor and deputy mayor are directly first in the town of Kediri was first held in 2008, after the previous mayor and his deputy elected by legislators city.

.https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kota_Kediri

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